Posted on: January 21, 2020
Vintage Kurdish Belouchi Persian Carpet
This brilliant vintage Kurdish Belouchi Persian carpet is as unique as its name suggests. Despite its origin, this rug’s weaving technique, color palette, and patterned motifs speak to a different history. Continue reading to learn more!
This carpet, measuring 4’9″ x 8’8″, dates back to 1940’s Iran. It remains in excellent vintage condition thanks to its composition of pure handspun wool colored with natural vegetable dyes. Despite its emergence from Zahedan, the capital of Sistan and Belouchestan Province, this carpet exhibits the sensibilities of its Kurdish weaver in both technique and aesthetic. Such an unexpected and unique context can be attributed the history of the region.
The Afsharid dynasty rose to power in the 18th century under the impressive military mind of Nader Shah. He relocated the capital to eastern Persia near Belouchestan. As such, the king also relocated a variety of the country’s ethnic groups nearer to the capital as a form of military insurance. Kurds, a semi-nomadic ethnic group of Persians, were included in this migration. Fast-forward two hundred years later and one can see the Kurdish influence reign prevalent in this vintage Kurdish Belouchi Persian carpet.
The most notable anomalies in this carpet are its weave, its use of color, and its motifs. In terms of this rug’s weaving technique, it displays the heavier weft of a Kurdish-made textile. The thicker weft echoes through the carpet as a whole. This thickness is in stark contrast with the finer and thinner feel associated with Belouchi carpets. Additionally, the vibrant red, pink, orange, and greens allude strongly to this carpet’s Kurdish roots. Belouchi carpets use a serious and sophisticated palette of deep blues and reds. Kurdish carpets, on the other hand, showcase brighter and more playful hues like the ones seen here. Finally, the curvilinear nature of the designs in this vintage Persian carpet reveal the past of its weaver. Kurdish symbols tend to be rounded, whereas Belouchi motifs are typically much more linear and geometric. Here one sees a a repition of Samovars alongside an array of bird and floral imagery. The lifestyle of the weaver inspires this pattern. She was most likely mimicking a quintessential view that includes her livestock roaming her garden while she waits for her tea to brew.