Posted on: May 25, 2021

Antique Spotlight -Bidjar Carpet

Known for their durability, functionality, and irresistible designs, this week’s Antique Spotlight features a Bidjar carpet from the Kurdistan region of Iran. Continue reading to discover what makes Bidjar carpets so irresistible and what makes this example so unique!

Bidjar carpets, named after the city in which they were created, originate within the Kurdistan province, located in modern northwestern Iran. Like other Persian carpets, Bidjar designs usually showcase a traditional Persian flower garden design. Bidjar pieces typically utilize a central medallion, detailed by flowers, birds, or caterpillars. Additionally, Bidjar rugs also have arrowed or stylized ends on the central motif. Traditionally, Bidjar carpets have bright and robust tones compared to other traditional Persian rugs. Therefore, the vividness of their colors a common identifying characteristic of Bidjar carpets for experts. What also separates Bidjar carpets from other Persian pieces is their weaving process. Bidjar weavers use two levels of warp threads when hand-knotting the pile. The varying levels of foundation create a dense and luxurious pile, suitable for endless use and generations of beauty. 

Our example Bidjar carpet measures 3’8” x 5’6” and remains a gem in the Orley Shabahang Antique Collection. We find this semi-antique Bidjar so exquisite due to its formal and refined flower garden design. The ornate medallion incorporates intricate flower and vine motifs, detailed in cream, red, pink, brown, and green wool. The vivid medallion contrasts beautifully with the rich red background. The kaleidoscope-like center motif and draws the eye in as the focal point in this piece. Outside of the bouquets within the medallion, blue, orange, and cream vases detail the field. However, the features and symbolism that make this piece extraordinary are h must be identified by a trained eye.  

Hidden everywhere in the design, bits of creative craftsmanship can be found within the pile. Traditionally, the foreground of this carpet would be blue, representing the water pond, or hoz, inside the Persian flower garden. In this carpet, the weaver chose to utilize red, which in Persian textiles represents love. In the four corners of the field, fish in cream and green cleverly disguise themselves as longleaf designs. Fish, in Persian rugs, symbolize life and water and the transcendence between life in different landscapes. The green fern shapes on either side of the medallion are peacocks with their tails aligned symmetrically to blend into the garden design. These peacocks symbolize divine protection and add tranquility to the pattern. Incorporating these motifs within the additional design elements serves to replicate the attempts of animals to camouflage themselves into their surroundings. 

As this carpet measures just under 4′ x 6′, this refined and functional semi-antique Bidjar would be an ideal fit as a living room carpet, bedroom carpet, or wherever a small to medium area carpet is needed. And if antique pieces are on your mind, check out the Orley Shabahang Antique collection on our website, or stop by our 1stDibs Digital Showroom to see our newest arrivals!